Keystone DH 2017 has ended
Now in its third year, Keystone DH is an annual conference and a network of institutions and practitioners committed to advancing collaborative scholarship in digital humanities research and pedagogy across the Mid-Atlantic.

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Thursday, July 13


#s1a A Role-Based Model for Successful Collaboration in the Digital Humanities
Collaborative Notes for Session (add your own thoughts!)

Role-based Model for Successful Collaboration

In this panel presentation, we will discuss our research findings concerning the most effective ways to structure collaborations in the digital humanities. Sustained dialogue and collaborative work between humanists and technologists have a great deal to offer both fields of inquiry. However, we believe that these teams are best structured to account for four different roles: Humanist, Technologist, Data Steward, and Catalyst. This approach is predicated on a few foundational convictions. First, we believe that, while humanists and technologists occupy distinct problem spaces, these realms are not of necessity in opposition to one another. Second, we bring to the fore essential questions about the status and function of data that must be addressed by the collaborators: what sorts of data are being used? What counts as effective and compelling analysis of this data? Third, we recognize that there are certain structural impediments to collaboration, such as different reward structures and motivations. Finally, the panel will discuss one of the most pressing issues in digital humanities collaboration—that each participant must have a deep commitment to their particular engagement with the project, something that requires sustained effort and the maintenance of disciplinary respect. We firmly believe that the most effective of these projects will not be based on technological solutions, but rather will be founded in the most humanistic of tools: empathy and respect. 

avatar for Alison Langmead

Alison Langmead

Director, Visual Media Workshop, University of Pittsburgh
avatar for David Newbury

David Newbury

Lead Developer, Art Tracks, Carnegie Museum of Art

Christopher Nygren

Assistant Professor - Art History, University of Pittsburgh

Thursday July 13, 2017 11:15am - 12:30pm
Ullyot South Chemical Heritage Foundation


#s1b Textual Encoding & Markup
Collaborative Notes for Session (add your own thoughts!)

The Homer Multitext Project and the Development of Greek Accent Notation (Zachary Sowerby)

The Homer Multitext Project (HMT) is creating digital editions of manuscripts documenting the multiformity of Homeric poetry. With contributions from roughly 150 editors, the HMT has nearly finished the earliest complete manuscript of the Iliad, the Venetus A. This manuscript is uniquely important for its scholarly notes (or scholia, which we estimate will number around 10,000), which cite ancient scholars (including quotations of now-lost versions of the Iliad), and which have never been completely published. We will present initial results of our work using digital methods to analyze the development of Greek accent notation. In ancient papyri of the Iliad, accent seems to indicate a pitch contour for an entire verse. By late antiquity, however, grammarians were already describing accents in terms of rules that apply to words, comparable to the formulation in modern grammars of ancient Greek.
While the HMT archives its editions in TEI-conformant XML, the project has defined an abstract model describing the semantics of its editions, and has developed a code library parsing the TEI archive in terms of that model. We will show how we exploit the organization of the HMT's digital archive to examine evidence not previously available in scholarly publications or data sets.
Without reference to XML structures, we extract diplomatic readings of the manuscript, and translate the text into a pattern of syllables mapped with the accents present in the text. We compare these patterns against a similarly analyzed digital text of a typical modern edition, and will show how 10th-century scribal practice follows neither ancient nor modern models exactly. We will compare the Iliad text of the manuscript with quotations in the scholia from possibly earlier sources.
The team consists of students Zachary Sowerby, Julia Spiegel, and Claude Hanley, with guidance from Professor Neel Smith, of College of the Holy Cross.

Projet de Notables: Using TEI to Track the Activities of the Representative Bodies of Revolutionary and Napoleonic France (Zachary Stoltzfus)
After creating a set of tags using TEI (such as PersNames, etc) for each of the deputies of the Constituent Assembly of France, I hope to collate data (such as bailliage/sénéchal, birth/death dates, estate, committees served on, level of activity in the C.A., etc) by using TEI to tag records of the sessions of the Constituent Assembly already digitized and made available online by Stanford (the ARTFL project). The result will be a Prosopography on the Deputies of the Constituent Assembly. The project is still in initial stages, my plan is to present a demo version of a couple different deputies as an example of some of the work my final project might accomplish.

VisColl: Visualizing the Physical Structure of Medieval Manuscripts (Dot Porter)
VisColl is a data model and accompanying system designed to help scholars to visualize the physical collation of medieval manuscripts. In manuscript descriptions and library catalogs, a collation is normally given in the form of a formula, which describes each quire in terms of its position in the manuscript, how many leaves it contains, and if any leaves have been added or removed. A diagram may also be used to illustrate the same information, with the added benefit of clearly showing which leaves are conjoined (conjoined leaves are also known as bifolia). VisColl enables scholars to model the collation of manuscripts and then to present that information in various ways, including diagrams and formulas, but also in novel ways distinct from collating a manuscript by hand. For instance, in addition to visualizing the physical structure of a manuscript, the Beta Version of the VisColl data model enables users to create taxonomies describing the content of the manuscript, and other elements, and then the system links those taxonomies to the physical structure, which produces a more robust and descriptive visualization than is possible with current methods.
This short paper will document the stages of the development of VisColl, from its conception to its current instantiation, which includes implementations under development at the Schoenberg Institute for Manuscript Studies, and in the Old Books, New Science lab at the University of Toronto. The current data model can be found at VisColl's GitHub page, which documents each new build, and from which the project code can be downloaded.


Dot Porter

Curator, Digital Research Services, University of Pennsylvania

Zachary Sowerby

Student, College of the Holy Cross

Thursday July 13, 2017 11:15am - 12:30pm
Ullyot North Chemical Heritage Foundation


#s1c Digital Studies
Collaborative Notes for Session (add your own thoughts!)

Documenting the Creative Process (Tim Gorichanaz)

Genetic (from "genesis") criticism is a branch of textual scholarship that seeks to disentangle and reconstruct authors' creative processes, which it does through analyzing drafts, manuscripts, and correspondence. One of the fruits of this inquiry is the digital scholarly edition, which benefits from the hyperlinking capabilities of digital technology (for a sample, see http://www.digitale-edition.de/vlet_interesting.html). In this paper, I offer a conceptual analysis of the digital scholarly edition as a genre, highlighting its affordances and constraints. To date, scholarly editions have only dealt with text documents. However, as visual and other non-textual forms of documents are beginning to predominate, genetic criticism has the opportunity to trace the genesis of film, paintings, interactive digital art, and more. Some recent French work has explored music composition and painting through genetic criticism, but there are not yet online systems akin to digital scholarly editions for these forms. To be sure, online tools that allow scholars to trace the creation process of non-text documents may require different features than for text documents. Based on a study of the process of contemporary artists creating drawn and painted self-portraits, I present some of the experiential features that such "editions" may need to show, and I discuss some technical solutions that may lead to their realization.  

The Personal Computer as Archival Artifact and Collection (Chelsea Gunn)
In recent years, Emory University and the University of California, Los Angeles have been recognized for their work preserving and providing access to the born-digital papers of Salman Rushdie and Susan Sontag, respectively. While the contents of each of these collections are significant in their own rights, the means by which they have been made available to researchers has been of particular interest. In both instances, born-digital materials are presented not only through finding aids and searchable databases, but through emulations of the writers’ original computing environments. The physical computers used by the creators are also maintained and sometimes exhibited publicly by the collecting institutions. These modes of access allow researchers to view records through the same visual interfaces used by the record creators, providing access both to records and to more interactive, affective experience. In my paper, I explore the archival functions of the personal computer as both artifact and collection of records, taking into account the work of archival and humanities scholars who have addressed the informational and artifactual values of personal computers and computing environments in general, and those of literary figures in particular. By considering the affordances and constraints of providing access to the emulated interfaces of figures like Rushdie and Sontag within the broader context of the history of personal computing, my paper suggests that archival artifact-collections such as these are specific to a period of time after the adoption of the personal computer and prior to the advent of increasingly cloud-based computing, and identifies implications for professional archival practice.

World Wide Writing: Digital Humanities Meets World Literature (Christian Howard)
Technology has profoundly changed global networks and literary systems. Indeed, writers have begun using technology as an integral part of their storyworlds, thereby transforming both the role of the writer and the role of the reader/user. The twitter fiction and Instagram narratives created by Teju Cole, for instance, are dependent upon collaboration between author and reader for their creation. For his Twitter story, “Hafiz,” Cole relied upon 31 of his friends to tweet out parts of the story, which he then retweeted in order to compile the story as a whole. Cole states: “‘Hafiz’ was a small attempt to put a number of people into a collaborative situation, to create a ‘we’ out of a story I might simply have published in the conventional way.” While scholars such as N. Katherine Hayles, Espen Aarseth, and Marie-Laure Ryan have already begun to examine this new kind of technological literature, they approach this literature from narrative, material, and modal perspectives. Yet digital spaces are increasingly used as collaborative publishing platforms that are not bound by economic, national, or linguistic boundaries. The global reach of digital and technological advancements is thus defining an alternative structure of globality that is divorced from national and cultural borders, and that has profoundly altered the shape of the reading public along socioeconomic and generational lines. Using Teju Cole’s experimental work as exemplar, my paper will thus focus on how what I am preliminarily calling “born-digitally-global” literature (to riff off Kirshenbaum and Walkowitz) necessitates a worldwide audience that is defined not by nation but by particular online or digital communities. My paper will confront how changes in technological literature are creating an alternative structure of globality that fundamentally relies upon collaboration.


Tim Gorichanaz

PhD Candidate, Drexel University

Chelsea Gunn

PhD Student, University of Pittsburgh

Christian Howard

PhD Candidate, University of Virginia

Thursday July 13, 2017 11:15am - 12:30pm
Franklin Chemical Heritage Foundation


#s2a Data / Data & Civic Engagement
Collaborative Notes for Session (add your own thoughts!)

The Challenge of Anomalous Historical Data in DH (Kira Homo)

Working with historical documents presents many challenges to the conscientious researcher. Sources can be fragmentary, frustratingly elusive (or allusive), or simply absent. Extant documents may have been written for specific purposes that affected how the author chose to present the information. Indigenous or minority populations may not be represented in the archives at all, or at least not in their own words. For the digital scholar attempting to construct a regularized dataset, however, the nature of the historical record presents additional problems beyond the everyday challenges most historians confront in their primary sources. Most fundamentally, of course, the vast majority of pre-20th-century historical documents do not currently exist in a digital format. As a result, DH scholars engaged in historical research must often undertake wholesale transcription prior to using text analysis tools to study an entire corpus, or construct their own datasets from existing fragmentary sources to use in network analysis, geospatial analysis, and statistical analysis. In addition to negotiating gaps in the historical record, scholars must contend with irregular orthography, irregular or missing dates, archaic place-names, and much more. This paper examines a few common anomalies I have encountered in my own research and offers strategies and approaches for negotiating these potential pitfalls.

Dat Dataset Prototype Tho: Using Dat for Data Preservation (Rachel Appel, Chad Nelson)
Open civic data portals are a relatively new and growing trend in cities and states that hope to bridge the gap between citizens and government and stimulate civic engagement by making datasets originating from governmental agencies and civic organizations easily accessible online. OpenDataPhilly.org is unusual in that the portal is not managed centrally by the city itself, but instead by members of the community through a collection of links and descriptive metadata about those datasets. Digital preservation and versioning are often not considered because of the fluidity of the data and maintaining it online ceases to be an organizational priority. Our project, “Future-Proofing Civic Data,” is an attempt to learn how libraries can and should use their expertise in digital preservation and curation to provide long term access to those datasets by using OpenDataPhilly.org as a testbed. One approach we used was tracking and sharing downloaded files in Dat (datproject.org). Dat is a secure and distributed package manager for data which can be used locally or for sharing and syncing versioned data over the Internet with an optional peer-to-peer network. We will discuss data sharing as preservation, our use cases for Dat, how this approach allows other members of the open data community to easily store live-updated copies, our curatorial decisions, workflows for update monitoring and versioning, and discovery. 

Metadata Analysis in the Age of Email (Shane Lin)
Digital technology and the Internet has dramatically altered the study of the late 20th century. My paper examines the ways in which the uses of embedded metadata, specifically in mailing list and Usenet documents, aid the investigation of historical and broader humanities inquiries into the late 20th century in ways unavailable to studies of previous eras.
My dissertation project explores the construction of digital privacy rights in the 1970s through the 1990s, a process that took place in part over sprawling crypto-anarchist mailing lists and technical Usenet newsgroups. Collections of the digital age in the mega-, giga-, and peta-bit scale dwarf the linear-distance measures of archives of earlier eras. Through my research, I've found that the impressive volume of such data is not the only benefit. The metadata in born-digital communication formats that natively relied on this metadata for sorting and function make it an especially powerful tool for researchers. Beyond the basic ability to order by category, author, or date-time, the structured organization of such protocols allows scholars to isolate important topics and influential participants by the volume of downstream response. With more advanced mechanisms of analysis, researchers can trace the directional flow of ideas across time and discussion domains, mechanizing and quantifying the methodologies of intellectual history and deploying them against collections of vast scale and broad comprehension.
These techniques do not replace traditional text analysis. Metadata is, after all, not text. My paper reflects on the ways that metadata, used in conjunction with those techniques, can focus and deepen readings, isolate important individuals and periods, and illuminate networks of influence.


Kira Homo

PhD Student, Penn State Univerity

Shane Lin

Graduate Student, University of Virginia
avatar for Chad Nelson

Chad Nelson

Lead Technology Developer, Temple University

Thursday July 13, 2017 2:00pm - 3:30pm
Ullyot South Chemical Heritage Foundation


#s2b Temporality
Collaborative Notes for Session (add your own thoughts!)

Days of Future Past: Augmented Reality and Temporality in Digital Public Humanities Initiatives (Jim McGrath)
How do digital projects that include augmented reality consider temporality? This project considers traditional and experimental approaches to mapping, documenting, and curating the passage of time. While many digital projects have incorporated timelines and other modes of documenting and annotating events across time, augmented reality offers both similar and arguably new challenges and opportunities to digital humanities and public humanities practitioners. How might house museums use digital tools to highlight the varied chronologies and contexts tied to the material objects in their physical spaces? How might the mechanism of the tour embrace the messiness of mapping past, present, and even imagined future contexts in their narratives? This discussion will be grounded in specific considerations of two recent projects supported by the John Nicholas Brown Center for Public Humanities and Cultural Heritage (Brown University): a house tour of the Nightingale-Brown House (a house once occupied by the Brown family that now serves as the JNBC’s offices and classrooms) and Rhode Tour, a series of smart phone tours of various places and histories of Rhode Island (a collaboration with the Rhode Island Council for the Humanities and the Rhode Island Historical Society). The discussion will situate these projects within the larger histories of “analog” and digital projects interested in the idea of the “tour,” consider the dynamics between past, present, and future uses of the spaces users are guided through on these projects, and suggest alternate timelines that these and other projects might productively and creatively embrace and inhabit.   

Digital Paxton: A Digital Archive and Critical Edition of the Paxton Pamphlet War (Will Fenton)
At the end of the Seven Years’ War in 1763, France ceded to Britain its claim on North American territories spanning from Quebec to New Orleans. Faced with the prospect of British expansion, a diverse group of native peoples launched a preemptive strike against forts across the trans-Appalachian west.That December, armed settlers from Paxton township murdered six unarmed Susquehannock in the Conestoga reservation, and 14 more sheltered in the Lancaster jailhouse. In January, they marched toward Philadelphia where the government harbored 140 Moravian Indians. They were stopped in Germantown by a delegation led by Benjamin Franklin, who persuaded their leaders to publish their grievances in a document, Declaration and Remonstrance. Waged in pamphlets, political cartoons, broadsides, and correspondence, the ensuing "pamphlet war" featured some of Pennsylvania’s preeminent statesmen, including Benjamin Franklin, governor John Penn, and Hugh Williamson, who would later sign the U.S. Constitution. At stake was much more than the conduct of the Paxton men. Pamphleteers used the debate over the conduct of the Paxtons to stake claims about peace and settlement, race and ethnicity, masculinity and civility, and religious association in pre-Revolutionary Pennsylvania.
While historians have carefully examined the Conestoga massacre and Paxton march, the pamphlet war has largely escaped the study of literary scholars and critical theorists, who have relied upon a single critical edition, John Dunbar’s The Paxton Papers (1957), which is dated, limited in scope, and out of print.
To support new scholarship about and teaching approaches to the pamphlet war, I have worked closely with archivists at the Library Company of Philadelphia and the Historical Society of Pennsylvania to create Digital Paxton (digitalpaxton.org), a comprehensive, open-access archive of the Paxton incident. Thanks to the generosity of those institutions and grants from Fordham University and NYC DH, I have digitized more than 1,600 pages of pamphlets, broadsides, political cartoons, and correspondence—all available as free, open-access, print-quality images. In addition to serving as an online archive of the Paxton pamphlet war, Digital Paxton also functions as a platform for current historiography and scholarship, including essays from leading Paxton scholars such as Scott Paul Gordon (Lehigh University), Nicole Eustace (New York University), Kevin Kenny (Boston College), James P. Myers, Jr. (Gettysburg College), and Judith A. Ridner (Mississippi State University), and others. In my interactive talk I will demonstrate Digital Paxton and discuss my experience collaborating with scholars, archivists, and technical specialists.

Fuzzy Dates and the Digital Humanities (David Newbury)
With apologies to Clifford Simak, time is *never* the simplest thing.  One of the most common issues with dealing with cultural data is time.  The humanities are almost always interested  in that which takes place over time, but the way that humanists think about time and dates is fuzzy—full of imprecision, approximations, and generalities.
Unfortunately, while humans are fully capable of dealing with that ambiguity, computers are not: existing software needs a level of temporal precision that is impractical for cultural data. To bridge this gap, we need to precisely express the fuzziness of our dates. Over the past decades, tools and techniques such as Allen's Interval algebra, the Library of Congress's Extended Date Time Format, and the CIDOC CRM's time-span model have been developed to help model this fuzziness, but they are often so complex as to appear unusable by both humanists and technologists.
In this paper, I will present a technique developed as part of the Art Tracks project at the Carnegie Museum of Art for converting natural language statements such as "sometime after the 1970s" or "until at least the 17th century" into precisely defined expressions of temporal fuzziness usable by computers, technologists, and humanists alike.


Will Fenton

PhD Candidate (English), Fordham University
avatar for Jim McGrath

Jim McGrath

Postdoc, Brown University
Postdoctoral Fellow in Digital Public Humanities at the John Nicholas Brown Center for Public Humanities and Cultural Heritage. Former Project Director of Our Marathon: The Boston Bombing Digital Archive. Former Coordinator for Northeastern University Library Digital Scholarship Group... Read More →
avatar for David Newbury

David Newbury

Lead Developer, Art Tracks, Carnegie Museum of Art

Thursday July 13, 2017 2:00pm - 3:30pm
Ullyot North Chemical Heritage Foundation


#s2c DH in the Classroom
Collaborative Notes for Session (add your own thoughts!)

Digital Tactics: Enhancing the Traditional Classroom (Rebecca Parker and Pilar Herr)

Have you ever wondered how digital tools can help you reinvent traditional course materials? Dr. Pilar Herr and Rebecca Parker, from the University of Pittsburgh at Greensburg, will present the results of implementing Wikispaces and TimeMapper in a traditional upper-level History seminar.  Their experiment displays many of the benefits as well as concerns of digital approaches for students and professors alike. The presentation will elaborate how the collaborative digital environment of Wikispaces enhanced the student to student as well as student to professor feedback loops. The use of TimeMapper to visualize the physical space and time of research sources allowed students a multidimensional understanding of their final thesis-driven paper. We will detail the digital modifications to the course's original assignments and discuss the learning patterns that developed from using Wikispaces and TimeMapper. Audience participation and feedback will facilitate future modifications of these assignments, which will better prepare students for careers in our increasingly digitized world.

Creating Multimodal Assignments (Emily Sherwood)
Until recently, video production projects primarily have been seen as a form of entertainment or recreation often added at the end of the semester as rushed and poorly produced final projects that frustrate both faculty and students. However, as our culture has moved from one based in text to one that is increasingly visual, learning to critique and write in multimodal formats is essential for training undergraduates to be effective communicators and consumers of knowledge. This presentation will highlight how the video program at Bucknell has moved from instructional to transformational by partnering with faculty to scaffold successful video assignments. These multimodal projects increase student engagement by encouraging undergraduates to connect course content through a reflective process that also develops their digital, visual, and media literacy skills.

Re-Narrating Institutional History: The Muhlenberg Memories Project (Kathryn Ranieri, Susan Falciani)
This paper showcases a collaboration between an archivist and a faculty member to engage students in archival research with the objective of creating a digital stories based on institutional history. These stories comprise part of the multimodal online platform, the Muhlenberg Memories Project. While the initial focus of the project was on the 1940s, particularly the World War II era, subsequent decades are forthcoming. In Documentary Research, a course in which students produce a digital documentary, the archivist introduces students to Muhlenberg College’s digital and analog materials relating to the period during World War II through active learning exercises. As the semester progresses, students work with the professor to fine-tune their narrative and with the archivist to locate texts and images that support their digital documentary. The students also receive technical support in the Documentary Lab to learn best practices for digitizing archival images and sound. They also create metadata for storing and sharing their projects online.
The students’ documentaries are only one component of the Muhlenberg Memories Project site. Oral histories of alumni from the World War II era, collected over the past two years, have both allowed the alumni to feel connected with their institution and have infused lived experiences into the archives. These digitally recorded histories are available to students and the public. Reconnecting with alumni and their families has in turn resulted in more donated archival material.
A component of the World War II-era archives is a collection of correspondence between Muhlenberg servicemen and the Alumni Office. An additional and ongoing aspect of this project is the textual analysis of these letters. Using JuxtaEditions, open-source transcribing software, the archivist, faculty and students code the letters to understand how the men and the college experienced World War II. The scanned letters, available online, provide additional contextual background information for students, for alumni and for the wider public.

avatar for Susan Falciani

Susan Falciani

Special Collections and Archives Librarian, Muhlenberg College

Pilar Herr

Assistant Professor of History, University of Pittsburgh at Greensburg

Kathryn Ranieri

Asst. Professor, Muhlenberg College
avatar for Emily Sherwood

Emily Sherwood

Assistant Director, Digital Pedagogy & Scholarship, Bucknell University
Emily Sherwood is the Assistant Director of Digital Pedagogy and Scholarship and an Affiliated Faculty Member in English at Bucknell University. She holds a Ph.D. in English Literature from the Graduate Center, CUNY.

Thursday July 13, 2017 2:00pm - 3:30pm
Franklin Chemical Heritage Foundation
Friday, July 14


#s3a Collaboration
Collaborative Notes for Session (add your own thoughts!)

AADHum: Research, Training, Collaboration and Critical Questions at the Intersections (Jessica Lu)
This paper will share and invite discussion of the integrated research training model implemented by the African American History, Culture, & Digital Humanities (AADHum) initiative, a program supported by the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation and co-directed by the Arts and Humanities Center for Synergy and The Maryland Institute for Technology in the Humanities (MITH) at the University of Maryland. In an effort to advance and expand the fields of digital humanities and African American history and cultural studies, AADHum is developing and diversifying the next generation of scholars and practitioners, whose work has already begun to broaden the reach of black digital scholarship and public engagement.. AADHum provides training through a robust program of reading groups, digital skills incubators, and one-on-one mentorship; second, supports emergent research in African American studies by preserving, digitizing, and providing public access to invaluable archives; and third, engages in self-reflexive modeling of humanist commitments, privileging critical questions of power, identity, and community. In this paper I will first provide an introduction to this three-pronged approach, highlighting the ways in which AADHum’s model can enrich humanities research with digital methods, archives, and tools.  Then, I will discuss some of the early efforts to interrogate, map, and advance work at the intersections of digital humanities, African American history, cultural studies, and community practice.

Developing a Community of Practice Among Undergraduate Digital Scholars (R. C. Miessler and Janelle Wertzberger)
In the summer of 2016, Gettysburg College’s Musselman Library piloted the Digital Scholarship Summer Fellowship (DSSF), a library-led, student-centered introduction to digital scholarship. For 10 weeks, a cohort of three undergraduate student fellows were introduced to digital tools, project management, research skills, and the philosophy behind digital scholarship, with the culmination the creation and presentation of a digital scholarship project. While the DSSF program is a library initiative, it drew support from partners from across campus, leveraging instructional support and the experience of digital scholarship practitioners from multiple departments to implement a broad curriculum in digital scholarship. The partners—who included the Educational Technology department, the Civil War Institute, and Gettysburg College faculty with a history of using digital pedagogy techniques in the classroom—worked with librarians to teach digital tools, discuss digital scholarship concepts, and help the student fellows realize the potential of their digital projects.
The fellowship was a success, and the work of the Digital Scholarship Fellows continued into the fall and spring semesters as they acted as peer mentors, supporting digital scholarship work in the classroom by leading workshops, providing one-on-one consultations, and assisting with project management. Cross-departmental support for digital scholarship continued beyond the summer program, as librarians and educational technologists worked closely with faculty during the academic year to support digital classroom assignments when the fellows were supporting a class.
Librarians R.C. Miessler and Janelle Wertzberger discuss the program, now in its 2nd year, with an emphasis on the ways in which the digital scholarship community of practice has been strengthened on the Gettysburg College campus through collaborative partnerships, student mentoring, and increased awareness of the value of digital scholarship activity in the classroom.

What Do Regional DH Consortia Do? (John Theibault)
This presentation will explore an informal infrastructure for digital humanities work that has emerged in the last five years: regional consortia of digital humanities practitioners like PhillyDH or KeystoneDH. They can be distinguished from, on the one hand, state and national digital humanities groups that organize conferences and edit journals and require paid membership, as well as digital humanities centers located in a single institution or formally constituted groups with explicit criteria for admission, and, on the other hand, not visibly organized interactions in active digital humanities regions, even if those interactions are frequent in practice. A central question about regional consortia is the need for informal DH organizations. It has frequently been noted that digital humanities infrastructure is highly unevenly distributed. Will successful regional consortia provide a framework for a wider support network in underserved regions, or will they lead to consolidation of established digital humanities communities? 

I identify eleven regional consortia that have organized themselves with enough visibility to enable study (ten in the United States and one in Europe). Many share a close association with THATCamp: either they came into being as part of the process of organizing a THATCamp or they were result of a THATCamp session. At a minimum, they have a virtual presence, but members usually meet in person.  While most regional consortia have emerged in regions with at least one significant academic digital humanities center, one of their most conspicuous features is that while they may receive institutional funding, they are not managed through a single institution and are open to anyone interested in digital work. Indeed, most appear to encourage outreach to under-resourced local cultural heritage institutions as part of their activities. This paper will show the various patterns of existing consortia and suggest ways they may develop in the future.

avatar for Jessica Lu

Jessica Lu

Doctoral Candidate, Graduate Assistant, AADHum, University of Maryland
avatar for R.C. Miessler

R.C. Miessler

Systems Librarian, Gettysburg College
R.C. Miessler is the Systems Librarian at Gettysburg College’s Musselman Library and serves on the library's digital scholarship committee. A lifelong geek in all things religion and technology, he’s interested in how students and faculty can use technology to present and interpret... Read More →
avatar for Janelle Wertzberger

Janelle Wertzberger

Assistant Dean and Director of Scholarly Communications, Gettysburg College
Janelle Wertzberger is Assistant Dean and Director of Scholarly Communications at Gettysburg College’s Musselman Library. She provides leadership and vision for the scholarly communications and library publishing program. She manages the institutional repository, The Cupola: Scholarship... Read More →

Friday July 14, 2017 11:15am - 12:30pm
Ullyot South Chemical Heritage Foundation


#s3b Text Analysis

Collaborative Notes for Session (add your own thoughts!)

I Want to Be Believed: Content and Structure as Value Propositions in Ufology Websites (S. E. Hackney)

This project analyzes online documents related to Ufology— the pseudo-scientific field dedicated to the study of UFOs— and focuses on two websites, http://ufocasebook.com and http://roswelltruth.homestead.com. These sites were chosen because they are run by individuals, rather than as official branches of Ufology groups, and for their longevity (online since 2001, possibly earlier).  From these sites, documents falling into two categories were collected: UFO encounter narratives (400 individual stories, ~219,000 words), and supporting government/media reports (5 news reports, and the text of the Robertson Panel Report, ~11,000 words). Content analysis via word-frequency analysis and topic modeling were done on these two corpora using Voyant and MALLET, respectively.
 The documents analyzed come from disparate sources, with most lacking provenance. Because the sites that host them do not provide verifiable sources, readers must trust that they are ‘real.’ By analyzing the content of these documents, I hone in on what is considered "valuable" or "true" by the sites’ creators, regardless of any outside verifiability.
 Analyses on these corpora show themes of physical location and the movement of objects within the UFO encounter stories, whereas the government/media reports focus on reactions and explanations to previously observed phenomena. These sites collect different types of documentation, under the same umbrella of "Ufology", using much of the same vocabulary, such as "sighting," "report" and the crucial "ufo."
 From this foundation, I consider the structure of the sites themselves as formative to how value is expressed by their creators. This is done through site mapping both websites, and highlighting the location of the documents used for the content analysis. This suggests that at the foundation of these sites is an interest in highlighting experience and description, rather than analyzing data or posing questions to move the field forward.

Taming Text and Locating Imperial Language in Japan's "Taiyō" Magazine (Molly Des Jardin)
Taiyō, a Japanese general-interest magazine (1895-1928), was one of the most popular publications in the early twentieth century and provides an opportunity to examine the ways in which Japanese authors were thinking about the expanding Japanese empire and its relationship to its colonies, as well as the idea of the Japanese nation itself. I have obtained a hand-keyed corpus of selected years of the magazine compiled by the National Institute of Japanese Language & Linguistics and spent recent months converting it to Unicode plain text from Shift-JIS XML, scraping and formatting its rich metadata, tokenizing it into whitespace-separated words, and making first forays into exploring what the text data reveals about imperial relations at the time. I will share the surprisingly involved process of preparing this text for analysis and collecting metadata from the article XML tags. I will also discuss preliminary results regarding turn-of-the-century wars involving China, Russia, and the newly annexed Taiwan. My work with Taiyō illustrates the special challenges of dealing with Japanese (and other non-whitespace separated languages) and various text encodings, and introduces the specific tools needed to prepare the text in an iterative and interpretive process. This presentation explores the ways in which I have dealt with the text: the visualization and modeling tools I used for initial analysis, iterative text cleaning, and identifying the specific "imperial language" usage for imperial foreign relations in early twentieth-century Japan.

Transitioning among Gender Markers: A Computational Approach to Style, Gender, and Modernist Literature (Sean Weidman, Aaren Paster)
James Pennebaker claims in The Secret Life of Pronouns (2011) that there may be “no better way to start a discussion of language and differences among people than with gender. Do men and women use words differently?” The question, of course, is not a new one—dating back to the critical explosion that occurred after Robin Lakoff’s study, “Language and Woman’s Place,” (Language in Society 2 [1973]), linguists (and more recently, digital humanists) have long studied and theorized the differences in communication between men and women. However, while there has been extensive linguistic criticism around genre and gender in writing very few projects have addressed these potential differences in the literature of the 20th century. Our project thus asks a relatively simple question: do men and women writers of modernist fiction have distinct stylistic markers unique to their gender? The modernist period offers an interesting case study in gender and style, given writers’ preoccupations with stylistic experimentation and formal innovation—i.e., one might expect non-traditional forms to give rise to non-traditionally “gender-marked” texts. But after employing a series of stylometric analyses to consider these questions in a modernist corpus of 30 “canonical” female and male authors (about 120 novel-length works, split between genders), our results suggest that there are a number of distinct features that separate the styles of men and women in modernist literature.
However, most obviously—but most interestingly—we find that there are exceptions to the rule. The cases wherein our assumptions about gender don’t hold, we suggest, offer a critique of the current DH debate surrounding gender markers in writing, and productively direct the debate to more fertile critical territory. Virginia Woolf’s Orlando: A Biography, for instance, features both narrative and stylistic gender transition, and while the novel is stylistically consistent with the rest of her corpus, its gender signals differ from those of her contemporaries. What might these exceptions tell us about the limits of our critical ability, even aided by computational techniques, to generalize “features” of gender? What do they reveal about the implicit biases we bring to our analyses? Do we “gender” texts more than we realize? Pairing our stylometric methods with some more conventional literary ones, we hope to showcase the benefits of a more nuanced framing of the fluidity of gender when scholars analyze gender markers in literature.

avatar for S. E. Hackney

S. E. Hackney

Doctoral Student, University of Pittsburgh
avatar for Molly Des Jardin

Molly Des Jardin

Japanese Studies Librarian, University of Pennsylvania
I have a PhD in Japanese studies (book history and literature) and an MS in Information Science, and currently work as the Japanese librarian at Penn. My research focus is on 19th-century publishing and authorship, but I am also branching into digital scholarship on foreign relations... Read More →

Aaren Pastor

Pennsylvania State University

Sean Weidman

Pennsylvania State University

Friday July 14, 2017 11:15am - 12:30pm
Ullyot North Chemical Heritage Foundation


#s3c Subjective Mapping
Collaborative Notes for Session (add your own thoughts!)

The goal of this roundtable is to bring together a core of people interested in discussing subjective map-making as a productive form of humanistic inquiry. It takes as its starting point some ideas from Bethany Nowviskie’s talk How to Play with Maps at the Ryerson Space/Place/Play Conference in 2011. Nowviskie identifies personal mapping as an activity that necessarily combines graphesis (drawing as a way of knowing), perspective (conceptual and dimensional) and privileging of individual response. She goes on to describe subjective mapping as reconceptualizing the past on a plane as opposed to within a narrative. With these concepts in mind, this roundtable will create a forum for discussing and sharing knowledge about and experiences of personal, subjective mapping within digital humanities contexts (which might simply be a desire to learn more about what this aspect of spatial analysis is all about). This session is intended as a brainstorming session for detailing the kinds of spaces we want to map that are not well-served by analytic geospatial mapping techniques. Depending on audience interest, the discussion may begin with a brief presentation of the session coordinator’s work mapping and analyzing experiences of visiting Romanian local museums in order to spur discussion. The overarching goals of this session will be: 1) to identify and connect a core group interested in sharing information about this topic; 2) to learn more about what digital tools (analytic GIS and others) people are using and abusing to create subjective maps; and 3) to exchange ideas about ways forward along this pathway within the “spatial turn” in the humanities.


Cheryl Klimaszewski

Rutgers University

Friday July 14, 2017 11:15am - 12:30pm
Franklin Chemical Heritage Foundation